Definition: A literary analysis essay is an attempt to evaluate and understand the work of an author, either a single work or an entire body of work. Literary criticism is a description, analysis, evaluation, or interpretation of a particular literary work or an author's writings as a whole.
If you've been asked to analyze a piece of literature, try following these steps:
1. Identify the author's purpose. Ask yourself, what theme or main idea did the author want the reader to understand after he or she had finished reading?
2. Think of the characters, tone, setting, rhythm, plot, imagery, etc. as devices or tools that help ensure that the reader "gets" the meaning that the writer intended him or her to learn.
3. Ask yourself, why did the author choose to use these devices, in these particular ways? How does this kind of character, plot event, or type of imagery help the reader understand the theme?
Remember, tell us how & why-don't just summarize!
The body must be very convincing. Here start rendering evidences of the argument. A convincing body will have at least three to four paragraphs or more.
Also, do not go out of context the question has to be related. How does it relate to the overall theme of what the analysis?
Make emphasis on the ways in which these elements bestow to the entire quality of the book.
Emphasize one major point per paragraph in this section. No need to rush all of your evidence into one idea.
Do more reading and analyze different factors in your literary analysis. Argue on a character's development, for example how the individual changes from the beginning to the end of the book. Center core on a character's fatal flaw and query or question the person's mistakes.