Schizophrenia topics research paper

While the medical community deals with schizophrenia as a psychological or physical disorder of the brain, those of us who actually experience it know it is much more.  It is a philosophical, spiritual, metaphysical, and mythological issue.  Coming to terms with this, confronting it, integrating it, and reconciling it leads to much higher functioning not only as an individual diagnosed with schizophrenia but as a member of society in general.  We have a deeper access to this aspect of life and have a great opportunity for learning and healing.

Diagnosing schizophrenia is further complicated by the fact that changes in mood occur in its early, active, and late phases. Schizo-affective disorder features depression or mania along with schizophrenic symptoms. The following three diagnostic criteria are used to diagnose this disorder:

  • Change in mood corresponds to active phase symptoms
  • Changes in mood must be present for a significant time during psychotic episode
  • Delusions and hallucinations must be present for 2 weeks without changes in mood

Although older antipsychotic medications in this class like haloperidol (Haldol), thioridazine (Mellaril), perphenazine (Trilafon), and molindone ( Moban ) are more likely to cause muscle stiffness, impaired motor coordination, shakiness, and very rarely uncoordinated muscle twitches (tardive dyskinesia) that can be permanent, health-care professionals appropriately monitor the people they treat for these potential side effects, as well. Some of the abnormal muscle movements, like tremors (for example, akathisia) or stiffness ( dystonia ) can be managed using anti- tremor medications like benztropine ( Cogentin ) or amantadine (Symmetrel). Also, more recent research regarding all antipsychotic medications seems to demonstrate that the older (first-generation) antipsychotics are just as effective as the newer ones, both in the management of current symptoms and prevention of future symptoms, and have no higher rate of people stopping treatment because of any side effect the medications cause. Not all medications that treat schizophrenia in adults have been approved for use in treating childhood schizophrenia.

Symptoms of schizophrenia include the following:

  • Hallucinations —false visual, auditory, or tactile perceptions without a realistic basis or external cause
  • Delusions —exaggerated or distorted thoughts and perceptions of self and others; or unrealistic belief in ability, knowledge, or ideas
  • Disorganized thought —including nonsensical associations and disorganized speech
  • Disorganized behavior —including aggressiveness and wild gestures
  • Difficulty showing or expressing emotion —including flattened behavior (rigid posture, inability to move or talk, unresponsiveness)

Schizophrenia topics research paper

schizophrenia topics research paper

Symptoms of schizophrenia include the following:

  • Hallucinations —false visual, auditory, or tactile perceptions without a realistic basis or external cause
  • Delusions —exaggerated or distorted thoughts and perceptions of self and others; or unrealistic belief in ability, knowledge, or ideas
  • Disorganized thought —including nonsensical associations and disorganized speech
  • Disorganized behavior —including aggressiveness and wild gestures
  • Difficulty showing or expressing emotion —including flattened behavior (rigid posture, inability to move or talk, unresponsiveness)

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